ECM Archives - AutoSuccessOnline
ECM No Communication Issues

The source of the problem could be software, electrical or mechanical.

Air Filters and Fuel Trim Diagnostics

As engine conditions change, fuel trims will change. Here’s what you need to know to diagnose modern engine problems.

Fuel trim is the adjustment the engine computer makes to the fuel mixture to maintain a balanced air/fuel ratio.
Understanding 5-Volt Reference Signals

Author Gary Goms provides two real-world examples of how two- and three-wire sensors can cause an intermittent rich operating condition.

Gary Goms Underhood Service article
LTF and STF Fuel Trim Feedback Loops: Rich, Lean and in Between

Air/fuel ratios can range from 13:1 to 22:1, but no matter what the ratio, there’s a fuel trim cell that addresses them.